Dental implants are tooth root replacements and are placed within the jawbone to act as an anchor for a replacement tooth or to anchor a dental bridge.
Dental implants are generally made out of titanium so that they can fuse with the jawbone (called osseointegration) and mimic the strength and integrity of the tooth’s natural root. There are three different types of dental implants:
Root Form Implant
The root form dental implant is the most common type of dental implant. A root form dental implant is similar to a screw that is shaped like the root of a tooth, and is placed directly into the jawbone, under the gums.
In order to place a root form implant, anesthesia must be used, and the implant is surgically implanted within the jawbone. After the implant has been placed, it usually takes three to six months for it to fuse with the jawbone and for the gums to heal. Once the implant has healed, it can be uncovered, and the replacement tooth can be attached to it.
Root form implants are used when the jawbone is healthy and thick. If the jawbone has deteriorated, or has lost density, a root form is not always used.
Plate Form Implant
When the jawbone has deteriorated, or if it is too short or narrow for a root form implant, a plate form dental implant may be used. The plate form implant is a longer, flat piece of titanium that is placed on top of the jawbone, beneath the gums. Once a plate form dental implant has been placed, bone and other tissue will grow around it, making it secure.
Much like the root form dental implant, anesthesia must be used to place the plate form dental implant. After the anesthesia has been applied, an incision is made in the gums, and the dental implant is placed directly on top of the jawbone, and the incision is closed.
It takes between three and six months for the bone and tissue to grow around the dental implant. After the dental implant has healed and fused to the bone, another procedure is performed to uncover dental implants and attach the replacement tooth or bridge.
The length of time it takes to receive your replacement tooth depends on the healing period. For some patients, a replacement tooth can be attached quickly. Implant Dentist Dr, Alhadef can inform you more about which type of dental implant is right for you.
Subperiosteal implants are only used when there is not enough jawbone to support either a root form dental implant or a plate form dental implant. A subperiosteal dental implant is custom made, and is attached directly to the jawbone, enhancing and strengthening its surface.
Much like the plate form dental implant, a subperiosteal dental implant is placed beneath the gums, directly over the jawbone in a surgical procedure that requires anesthesia. Unlike other types of dental implants, a subperiosteal implant requires an impression of the existing jawbone prior to being placed.
There are two ways to obtain an impression of the existing jawbone. An impression can be made during a surgical procedure, in which the jawbone is exposed, or it can be obtained using a CAT scan to map the area of jawbone that will require the dental implant. After the impression has been made from either method, the dental implant is then custom made in a dental laboratory in about two weeks.
After the custom made dental implant has been created, a second procedure is perform to permanently place the dental implant on the jawbone. Once it has been placed, the dental implant must heal and fuse to the bone and tissue surrounding it over a period of about three to six months. Once this has been completed, a replacement tooth can be attached.
If you are missing one or several teeth and would like to use a implant dentistry to correct them, contact implant dentist Dr. Alhadef if you live in the Dallas, Fort Worth, Irving, or Plano, Texas area to schedule you initial consultation.
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Dallas Cosmetic Dentist
Gary E. Alhadef, DDS
8226 Douglas Ave Suite 753
Dallas, Tx 75225